transect of wilderness
“Wildness is the preservation of the World.”
Henry David Thoreau
It seem that the art of gardens and landscape architecture is born in opposition to the authentic wilderness of nature. But there
are and have always been examples of confrontation and stimula- tion of the landscape disciplines with this real nature: from its representation in medieval and Renaissance paintings to the Age of Enlightenment, from the J.J. Rousseau’s „retour à la natur“ to the experience of H.D. Thoreau in „Walden“ and his influence on North American landscape architecture of the 19th and 20th century (F.L. Olmsted), up to the contemporary practice by G. Clément of the „Ja- rdin en Movement“ and the „Third Landscape.”
After experimentation with garden design and references to the cultivated landscapes of Lombardy, in 2016 the „Piazza Vecchia“ in Bergamo seeks a dialogue with this stimulation source, omnipresent in the northern surroundings of the city: the wild landscapes of the mountains, the sub-alpine forests and the valleys.
The classical Scientific Method to describe nature is the transect. This method is realised in 1:1 scale and becomes the design of a spacial structure for the temporary installation in Piazza Vecchia. It’s a geographical landscape transect with five wild „Bergamascain“ landscapes (alpine - montane - submontane - alluvial - suburban), dominating the place and creating a dialog and interacting with the city, its culture, history and its citizens. On top of the 80 meters of this section the landscapes are transplanted and people can cross under and find grottos and spaces of interaction and com- munication.
This „transect of wilderness“ evokes interaction with the place: the crossings and cuts emphasize the main views to the surroun- ding monuments. But there is also a thematic dialogue: right next to the existing fountain of Piazza Vecchia (artificial-artistic use of water), you see the natural source of the alluvial landscape; in front of the Capella Colleone, the masterpiecece of architec- tonical-cultural perfection in stone, the natural, non-elaborated stones of the Alps shows the natural condition of the marble.
“We need the tonic of wildness... at the same time that we are earnest to explore and learn all things, we require that all things be mysterious and unexplorable, that land and sea be indefinitely wild, unsurveyed and unfathomed by us because unfathomable. We can never have enough of nature.”
Henry David Thoreau
Elisabetta Bianchessi, Lorenzo Rebediani, Francesco Frascaro
Adjoa Akofio-Sowah, Aleksi Solomnishvili, Andrea Verginella, Caspar Bartels, Clelia Trautvetter, Donatello Chirico, Elena Robbiani, Giulia Simoni, Kareena Gardiner, Laura Bani, Luca Ciliani, Luca Foresti, Maria Chiara Perini, Marta Bellini, Natia Kapanadze, Silvia Ramieri.
Assistants Studio Tischer
Paola Serrittu, Andrea Maspero
Lucia Nusiner, Maurizio Vegini & Team of Arketipos
Maurizio Quargnale Light design
Gianluca Pesenti Structural engineer
Marco Teli Construction management and security